Proteomic analysis of the seed development in Jatropha curcas: from carbon flux to the lipid accumulation. Journal of Proteomics. 2013. Online. 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.06.030
Proteomic analysis of the seed development in Jatropha curcas: From carbon flux to the lipid accumulation.
To characterize the metabolic signatures of lipid accumulation in Jatropha curcas seeds, comparative proteomic technique was employed to profile protein changes during the seed development. Temporal changes in comparative proteome were examined using gels-based proteomic technique at six developmental stages for lipid accumulation. And 104 differentially expressed proteins were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF tandem mass spectrometry. These protein species were classified into 10 functional categories, and the results demonstrated that protein species related to energy and metabolism were notably accumulated and involved in the carbon flux to lipid accumulation that occurs primarily from early to late stage in seeddevelopment. Glycolysis and oxidative pentose phosphate pathways were the major pathways of producing carbon flux, and the glucose-6-phosphate and triose-phosphate are the major carbon source for fatty acid synthesis. Lipid analysis revealed that fatty acid accumulation initiated 25days after flowering at the late stage of seed development of J. curcas. Furthermore, C16:0 was initially synthesized as the precursor for the elongation to C18:1and C18:2 in the developing seeds of J. curcas. Together, the metabolic signatures on protein changes in seed development provide profound knowledge and perspective insights into understanding lipid network in J. curcas.
Due to the abundant oil content in seeds, Jatropha curcas seeds are being considered as the ideal materials for biodiesel. Although several studies had carried out the transcriptomic project to study the genes expression profiles in seed development of J. curcas, these ESTs hadn't been confirmed by qRT-PCR. Yet, the seed development of J. curcas had been described for a pool of developing seeds instead of being characterized systematically. Moreover, cellular metabolic events are also controlled by protein-protein interactions, posttranslational protein modifications, and enzymatic activities which cannot be described by transcriptional profiling approaches alone. In this study, within the overall objective of profiling differential protein expression in developing J. curcas seeds, we provide a setting of physiological data with dynamic proteomicand qRT-PCR analysis to characterize the metabolic pathways and the relationship between mRNA and protein patterns from early stage to seedfilling during the seed development of J. curcas. The construction of J. curcas seed development proteome profiles will significantly increase our understanding of the process of seed development and provide a foundation to examine the dynamic changes of the metabolic network during seeddevelopment process and certainly suggest some clues to improve the lipid content of J. curcas seeds.