Systematic qualitative and quantitative assessment of fatty acids in the seeds of 60 tree peony (Paeonia section Moutan DC.) cultivars by GC–MS. Food Chemistry,2015, 173: 133–140

Shan-Shan Li, Ru-Yu Yuan, Li-Guang Chen, Liang-Sheng Wang?, Xiang-Hong Hao?, Li-Jin Wang, Xu-Chen Zheng , Hui Du


Seeds from Paeonia ostii and Paeonia rockii have been recently identified as novel resources of a-linolenic acid (ALA) in China. To assess whether tree peony cultivars can be used as oil resource, fatty acids (FAs) in 60 cultivars were monitored and evaluated in this study. The results indicated that the composition and content of FAs varied dramatically among different cultivars, in which ALA, linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid were the dominant. The 60 cultivars were classified into six clusters by hierarchical cluster analysis, and they were quite distinct from each other. Finally, six cultivars with high yield and high quality were screened out, comprising of ‘Liuliguanzhu’, ‘Hongguanyupei’, ‘LSS-2’, ‘LSS- 1’, ‘Jingshenhuanfa’ and ‘LSS-11’. These cultivars were appropriately applied in practical oil production. Overall, tree peony oil with abundant unsaturated fatty acids especially ALA was proved to be a top-grade source for edible oil and nutritional supplements.